Measures to prevent soil degradation

The past 2015 was considered, according to the FAO, the international year of the soil with the main objective of preventing its degradation and beginning to implement prevention measures that protect it. A recognition given with the aim of making visible the great importance of this ecosystem for the planet and all the organisms that inhabit it.

Soils act as a living system, with a diverse community of organisms that fulfill their vital functions. Among them, it stands out that of recycling essential nutrients for plants, improving their structure, increasing the capacity to retain water and nutrients. Or, control and defense against pests and diseases.

Thanks to all these organisms, our seeds germinate and our crops develop and grow. According to the calculations of various international organizations, it is estimated that 95% of our food is produced directly or indirectly in our soils. A percentage that puts into consideration the importance that these have for the life of all living beings.

Extreme soil degradation

Unfortunately, in recent decades there has been massive degradation in many of them. The enormous population growth, deforestation and agricultural overexploitation have been 3 of the main factors that have given rise to this problem. Undoubtedly, we must take measures to prevent and stop its degradation.

Fortunately, this fact has not gone unnoticed by society and, for this reason, in large part, thanks to social pressure, in recent years, measures have been taken to seek its regeneration.

At the agricultural level, the indiscriminate use of fertilizers, the misuse of phytosanitary products or a disproportionate super-intensive agriculture have caused the erosion of the soil system and, as a consequence, the loss of its biological balance, causing exhaustion and a decrease in its productivity.

The lack of nutrients, the increase in salinity, the loss of the microbiome, the increase of opportunistic and pathogenic microorganisms, the decrease in productivity, etc. They are common characteristics of degraded soils.

Measures to prevent soil degradation

Measures to prevent

One of the greatest advances that we have experienced in recent years is the development of a multitude of new scientific advances that allow us to know in detail aspects that, until a few years ago, were unimaginable.

Today, we can know what structure a healthy soil should have, what its natural microbiome would be, what beneficial microorganisms we are interested in promoting in order to have greater agricultural development, how much fertilizer we have to apply, etc.

All this knowledge, added to the strict and protectionist legislation issued by the European Union in the field of agri-food production, has made us have the safest and most developed food production in the world. A production that respects the soil, the environment and people.

It is, therefore, an exponential evolution within the field of agricultural production.. The need to produce more food, to feed more than 8,000 million people who live on the planet, with fewer tools. This is a challenge for each farmer, which forces him to take care of every little detail and, among them, his soil. The system that allows you to carry out your crops, your productions, and, therefore, your future

That is why it is increasingly common to combine intensive production strategies with other regenerative ones. As well as the application of beneficial microorganisms such as mycorrhiza or rhizobacteria, seeking to repopulate the soil, balance it and thus achieve more powerful root systems with a nutrient absorption capacity hundreds of times greater, thus reducing the number of fertilization units applied.

In short, the soil is a complex and interesting system that, little by little, we are able to decipher and understand; but, what we have understood a long time ago is that, by taking care of the soil, we take care of life and take care of the future.